Calgary Orthodontics For Adults

A potentially life-threatening disorder, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is a complex condition.

In this article, Calgary orthodontists Dr. Antosz and Dr. Vincelli offer you a first step in understanding what it is, who's at risk, and why.

What is Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS)?

Definition: Apnea—"the arousal of breathing for 10 seconds or more. It is a full obstruction of the airway when a person is asleep." In this case, arousal means that the sleep moves from a deeper level of sleep into a more 'awake' one. (source)

In OSAS, the sleeper's upper airway becomes partially or fully blocked. Thus, the amount of air entering the lungs is reduced—or even completely stopped for a number of seconds. The result is lower than required levels of oxygen in the blood.

More than just lower oxygen levels at night, OSAS increases a person's chances of heart-related issues (heart disease, heart arrhythmias, heart failure), high blood pressure, and stroke.

Who is most at risk?

  • Guys, unfortunately, it's you (3-7%), with the gals a little less (2-5%).

The reasons? The hormone testosterone reduces effective respiration (breathing). Also, men's pharyngeal and supraglottic airways (the sections in the mouth and throat) are more resistant than those of women. In other words, they don't let air in as easily.

  • Those who are middle-aged are more likely to have OSAS than other ages. This is because the elasticity of our tissues and the functions of our pulmonary (lungs) and cardiovascular (heart) systems are less effective as we get older.

However, Dr. Antosz and Dr. Vincelli have dealt with pediatric and adolescent clients who suffer from this condition.

  • Weight is another issue. Those who are overweight have more fat around their soft palates. So, there is less space for air to pass through.
  • Drinkers and those on sedatives are at higher risk. When we sleep on our backs, the genioglossus and tensor veli palatini muscles work less. (These muscles are in the soft palate, which is the back of the roof of the mouth.) The less they work, the smaller our airway. Alcohol and sedatives make these muscles work even less.

Fortunately, Calgary orthodontic dentists such as Dr. Antosz and Dr. Vincelli can expertly help patients with OSAS.

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  Posted: Thu Feb 6th 2020 11:00am  a year ago


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Yes, I would 100% recommend Dr. Antosz, Dr. Vincelli and the staff to anyone searching for an orthodontist. I have gotten to know the team extremely well over the last 15 years. From braces, correction of overbite, replacement of retainers and now Invisalign® for some minor corrections. Their customer service has been outstanding. They have always taken the time to explain every procedure in full detail to ensure their patients feel comfortable. Because the turnover in staff is so low, they really get to know the patients and genuinely care about their well-being for the long term. I highly suggest becoming a part of the Antosz Orthodontics family. -Submitted By: Sibyl Bigler